Tenho estado a ler o livro “Succeding with Difficult Clientes: Applications of Cognitive Appraisal Therapy” de Richard Wessler, Sheenah Hankin e Jonathan Stern, e deparei-me com uma série de questões úteis de enquanto terapeutas nos colocarmos que me fez sentido partilhar convosco.
Deixo-vos o excerto:
“All therapists who practice CAT [Cognitive Appraisal Therapy] must understand their own personotypic affects [familiar emotional experiences that provide a sense of security] and emotional setpoints [nonconscious personal rules of living that prescribe how one should feel], especially as they influence interactions with difficult clients. Therapists should ask themselves the following questions to determine dominant personotypic affect and their own emotional setpoints:
Once the therapist has a feel for his or her own personotypic affect and emotional setpoint, he or she should then identify typical justifying cognitions [beliefs produced to justify familiar emotional states] and security-seeking behaviors [actions that influence a person’s social environment so that its responses prompt personotypic affects, restore the emotional setpoint, confirm one’s personal rules, and thus evoke a sense of security], since they may well be played out in the therapy relationship by the therapist. Questions the therapist can ask of him/herself include:
Additionally, the therapist may find it helpful to identify how he or she was parented. This may give him or her insight into his or her personality style, as well as into how he or she might relate to the client. More specifically, does a client with a personality style similar to one’s parent(s) more strongly activate the therapist’s personotypic affect, justifying cognitions, and security-seeking behaviors? How does the therapist’s own personality style, molded in part by how he or she was parented, affect the client?
Finally, given all of the above, the therapist should ask him/herself the following additional questions:
Once the therapist has answered these questions, then he or she is ready to work with difficult clients, to see these clients as not particularly difficult to work with, after all, and to do CAT without overpersonalizing what clients say and do, without being ruled by shame, self-pity, and anger, and without being judgmental or blaming toward who clients are and what they do in therapy.”
Joana Fojo Ferreira
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